Situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran
Report of the Secretary-General
According to the recent Report of the UN Secretary-General after Sixty-ninth session of General Assembly, concerning the Situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran, there was not any progress in Iran under President Rouhani despite his first promises for more improvement of Human Rights and freedom.
The Secretary-General remains deeply troubled by reports of increasing numbers of executions, including of political prisoners, and reiterates his call on the Government to introduce a moratorium on the use of the death penalty, and to prohibit executions of juvenile offenders in all circumstances.
On 10 April 2014, a group of special procedures mandate holders publicly expressed alarm at the denial of medical care to blogger Mohammad Reza Pourshajari and religious cleric Sayed Hossein Kazemeyni Boroujerdi. Mr.Pourshajari was arrested in September 2010 and is currently serving a four-year term of incarceration in Ghezal Hesar prison, in Karaj, for propaganda against the State, insulting the Supreme Leader and defamation of Islam. Mr. Boroujerdi was arrested on 8 October 2006 and is serving an 11-year prison sentence. The situation of the two men has allegedly been exacerbated by physical abuse, poor prison conditions, prolonged solitary confinement and other forms of torture and ill treatment. They were denied access to specialist medical treatment outside the prison, despite the fact that prison physicians had recommended such urgent care. Special procedures have issued urgent appeals on these cases, reminding the Government of its obligations under international standards to respect the prisoners’ right to health and to ensure humane treatment, which requires the transfer of sick prisoners who need specialist medical care to specialized institutions or civilian hospitals.
The Secretary-General is concerned about the deteriorating health of a leader of the Green Movement, Mir-Hossein Mousavi, and the reported denial of access to adequate medical care, despite the serious health complications that he suffers, including high blood pressure and a worsening heart condition. Mr. Mousavi, who has been under house arrest since February 2011, has reportedly developed these health complications during his prolonged house arrest and is in need of specialist medical care. His health is reported to have further deteriorated since March 2014. Moreover, he has reportedly been denied regular contact with his relatives. Special procedures have repeatedly called for the immediate release of Mr. Mousavi and another leader of the Green Movement, Mehdi Karoubi, declaring their detention to be arbitrary and in violation of the international obligations and national laws of the Islamic Republic of Iran. The Secretary-General calls upon the Government to immediately release the two Green Movement leaders and other political prisoners, including Mr. Pourshajari and Mr. Boroujerdi, and to facilitate their urgent and adequate access to medical care